lastPost

Fundamentals of Surveying

 Fundamentals of Surveying

Fundamentals of Surveying


Modern surveying involves useofsophisticated scientific instruments. mathematical methods and computational techniques. In writing this book on surveying. I have tried therefore to explain comprehensively the principles of surveying instruments and derivarion of mathematical formulae. Separate chapters have been written on 'Underground Surveys' and 'Computer Programs in Surveying' to incorporate the recent developments in this field. .
I acknowledge my gratefulness to ail the authors listed in the Bibliography as their works form the background of this book. I am also deeply indebted to Mr. John Gamer and Dr. John Uren of the University of Leads. Dr. R. Baker of the University of Salford; Engineering Council (UK). the Institution :of Civil Engineers (UK) andotherUI< universities for permitting me to use theirquestions

in this book. I have also utilized the-questions from the examinations conducted by the Institution of Engineers (India) and some figures and tablesof the standards prepared by the Bureau of Indian Standards. for which I express my sincere thanksto them.I amgrateful to mycolleague in the Civil Engineering Department,
Dr. K.K. Bhar, who rendered immense help by collaborating with me in writing the chapter on 'Computer Programs in Surveying'.
I 'owe' my gratitude to the Vice Chancellor, Bengal Engineering College (Deemed University), my colleagues in the Civil Engineering Department and to the staff of the University Library for extending full cooperation during the long and arduous task of writing this book.
I wish to express my appreciation to my wife, Subrata and my sons and daughters-in-law, Santayan and Riya, Saptak and Bamali, for their encouragement . and support throughout the course of writing the manuscript. Finally, I express my deep appreciation to my publishers Prentice-Hall of . India for their excellent work in editing the book thoroughly

Surveying is basic to engineering. Before any engineering work can be started we must prepare a plan or map of the areashowing topographical details. Thisinvolves both horizontal and vertical measurements. Engineering surveying is defined as those nctivities involved in the planning and execution of surveys for the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of civil and other: engineering projects. The surveying activities are:
  1. Preparation of surveys and related mapping specifications.
  2. Execution of photogrammetric and field surveys for the collection of required data including topographic and hydrographic data. .
  3. Calculation, .reduction and plotting cf survey data for use in engineering design. '
  4. Design and provision of horizontal and vertical control survey networks.
  5. Provision of line and grade and other layout work for construction and mining activities..
Thus the scope of surveying is very wide and inter-disciplinary in character. Basically it involves accurate measurements and accurate computations. In surveying we use modern sophisticated instruments, e.g. electronic instruments for measurements and modern computational tools, e.g. computers for accurate mathematical computations. Hence thorough knowledge of basic science-say, physics and mathematics-c-is required in grasping modern surveying..

download :- here
Comments
No comments
Post a Comment



    Reading Mode :
    Font Size
    +
    16
    -
    lines height
    +
    2
    -