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Buildings and Semantics

 Buildings and Semantics

Buildings and Semantics


Building data is essential to the planning and design, construction, operation and maintenance, and destruction/recycling of buildings. At its most basic form, building data can simply include the address or geolocation of a home required to deliver mail and goods, or a 2D floor plan of a home used when advertising to buy or sell. When designing a new building, building data can include a 3D solid model of the building, describing the geometry and semantics of each product (walls, windows, doors,columns), Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), the materials used, plumbing and electrical wiring in the building, space boundaries, and the relationships between all these.

All this data is required to support the wide range of stakeholders involved along the building’s life cycle. Web technologies can not only help streamline existing processes like these, but by making data easier to access and reuse they also open the door to improved integration of data with non-traditional Building Information Modelling (BIM) domains, such as geospatial and energy grid data, making buildings become a living, evolving part of an integrated set of smart environments ranging from scales of rooms, offices and homes, to districts, cities and nations. Today, the construction industry relies only shallowly on web technologies (websites, web platforms, web services). In its digital transformation, it needs to move to the web and link its distributed silos of information.

This book gives the reader a clear understanding of the current status regarding the use of web technologies in the built environment. The importance of web technologies to address some of the key identified challenges in the built environment will be highlighted,with a critical assessment of their limitations and further discussion on the challenges and barriers to their implementation.

The reader will be introduced to several chapters which explore in detail how web technologies are used across the built environment, their successes and failures. The book is subdivided in two parts, focusing on (1) semantics and data, and (2) applications and algorithms. The combination of all this material gives readers a full oversight of all potential in the use of web technologies in the construction industry. As such, the book will be open-ended, so that it can be an open cook book and guideline for further research and innovation in this industry. The editor would also like to acknowledge the ADAPT centre, for their continuing support.


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