Elementary Surveying An Introduction to Geomatics

 Elementary Surveying An Introduction to Geomatics

Elementary Surveying An Introduction to Geomatics

Surveying, which is also interchangeably called geomatics (see Section 1.2), has traditionally been defined as the science, art, and technology of determining the relative positions of points above, on, or beneath the Earth’s surface, or of establishing such points.

In a more general sense, however, surveying (geomatics) can be regarded as that discipline that encompasses all methods for measuring and collecting information about the physical Earth and our environment, processing that information, and disseminating a variety of resulting products to a wide range of clients. Surveying has been important since the beginning of civilization.

Its earliest applications were in measuring and marking boundaries of property ownership. Throughout the years its importance has steadily increased with the growing demand for a variety of maps and other spatially related types of information, and with the expanding need for establishing accurate line and grade to guide construction operations.

Today, the importance of measuring and monitoring our environment is becoming increasingly critical as our population expands; land values appreciate; our natural resources dwindle; and human activities continue to stress the quality of our land, water, and air.

Using modern ground, aerial, and satellite technologies, and computers for data processing, contemporary surveyors are now able to measure and monitor the Earth and its natural resources on literally a global basis. Never before has so much information been available for assessing current conditions, making sound planning decisions, and formulating policy in a host of
land-use, resource development, and environmental preservation applications.
Recognizing the increasing breadth and importance of the practice of surveying, the International Federation of Surveyors .

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